Planting Calendar

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NC Gardener Plant Toolbox

Typical Last Frost Date: May 1st
Typical First Frost Date: November 1st

Using the planting calendar below will help you get the most out of your garden. Starting seeds indoors before your the frost date can give you a jump start on the growing season. Knowing when to transplant seedlings outdoors will help to maximize your harvest.

Planting Calendar for Cherokee County, NC (Zones 6a & 6b)

Use the month-by-month suggestions below for preparing, planting, and cleaning up your garden each year. All times are estimates based on typical last frost date. Keep in mind that with the climate of Western North Carolina, dates can vary.

Start planning your garden - what you want to plant and where you want to plant it. Start a diary to keep track of your successes and failures for the future.
Start seeds indoors:
  • Bell Peppers
  • Celery
  • Egg Plant
  • Spinach
Start Seeds Indoors:
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Lettuce
  • Swiss Chard
  • Tomatoes
Start Seeds Outdoors:
  • Carrots
  • Peas
  • Radishes
Plant Seedlings or Transplants:
  • Spinach
Start Seeds Indoors:
  • Cantaloupes
  • Cucumbers
  • Pumpkins
  • Squash
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Watermelons
Start Seeds Outdoors:
  • Beets
  • Corn
  • Onions
  • Parsnips
  • Potatoes
  • Turnips
Plant Seedlings or Transplants:
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Lettuce
  • Swiss Chard
  • Strawberries
Harvest:
  • Asparagus
  • Spinach
Weed, watch for pests and disease.
Start Seeds Outdoors:
  • Beans
  • Okra
Plant Seedlings or Transplants:
  • Bell Peppers
  • Cantaloupes
  • Celery
  • Cucumbers
  • Egg Plants
  • Pumpkins
  • Squash
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Tomatoes
  • Watermelons
Harvest:
  • Strawberries
  • Asparagus
  • Beets
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Lettuce
  • Snow Peas
  • Spinach
  • Summer Squash
  • Sugar Snap Peas
  • Swiss Chard
  • Turnips
  • Zucchini
Weed, watch for pests and disease.
Weed, watch for pests and disease.
Harvest:
  • Beets
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Cucumber
  • Green Beans
  • Lettuce
  • Onions
  • Potatoes
  • Snap Beans
  • Summer Squash
  • Swiss Chard
  • Turnips
  • Zucchini
Weed, watch for pests and disease.
Harvest:
  • Blackberries
  • Blueberries
  • Grapes
  • Peaches
  • Raspberries
  • Cantaloupe
  • Cucumber
  • Egg Plant
  • Garlic
  • Green Beans
  • Onions
  • Peppers
  • Potatoes
  • Snap Beans
  • Summer Squash
  • Sweet Corn
  • Tomatoes
  • Watermelon
  • Zucchini
Weed, watch for pests and disease.
Harvest:
  • Apples
  • Blueberries
  • Figs
  • Grapes
  • Pears
  • Raspberries
  • Eggplant
  • Green Beans
  • Garlic
  • Onions
  • Peppers
  • Potatoes
  • Snap Beans
  • Sweet Corn
  • Tomatoes
Weed, watch for pests and disease.
Harvest:
  • Apples
  • Figs
  • Grapes
  • Pears
  • Raspberries
  • Cucumber
  • Eggplant
  • Garlic
  • Green Beans
  • Lettuce
  • Peppers
  • Potatoes
  • Snap Beans
  • Tomatoes
  • Winter Squash
Plant: Garlic
Harvest:
  • Apples
  • Figs
  • Beets
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Cucumber
  • Eggplant
  • Garlic
  • Lettuce
  • Peppers
  • Potatoes
  • Spinach
  • Swiss Chard
  • Tomatoes
  • Turnips
  • Winter Squash
  • Zucchini
  • Turn off irrigation
  • Prune and Trim
  • Compost
  • Mulch
  • Clean & sharpen tools
  • Order seeds

When Should You Start Seeds Indoors?

For most crops, you should start seeds indoors about 6–8 weeks before your last spring frost date. This gives the plants plenty of time to grow large and healthy enough to survive their eventual transplanting to the garden.1

When Should You Transplant Seedlings?

When seedlings have grown too large for their seed trays or starter pots, it’s time to transplant. If it’s not yet warm enough to plant outdoors, transplant the seedlings to larger plastic or peat pots indoors and continue care. If outdoor conditions allow, start hardening off your seedlings approximately one week before your last frost date, then transplant them into the garden.1


1 Taken from The Old Farmer’s Almanac

© 2020 Master Gardener Volunteers of Cherokee County, NC   •   Gardening & Horticulture  
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